What Do BUP Drug Tests Screen For?

So you may have heard of something called a BUP drug test, but what is that? Well a BUP analysis screens for the chemical known as Buprenorphine. Buprenorphine also goes by the name of Subutex, Temgesic, or Suboxone; and is given to patients detoxifying from opiate addiction. Opiate addiction is extremely hard to break, often coupled with severe nausea, pain, and constipation; drugs like this are usually necessary for an addict to ease the come down symptoms of the narcotics (such as heroin or opium). In addition to a mild form of synthetic opiate (to wean the user off), Buprenorphine also contains several antagonistic chemicals that block key opiate receptor in the brain. Working much like the drug Anabuse for Alcohol, Buprenorphine blocks receptors to make getting “high” much more difficult. Opiate users often go back to the hard street drugs to feel “normal” again, but thanks to prescription drugs like this, Buprenorphine attempts to take that factor out of the equation.

Due to the antagonistic compounds of this opiate blocker, Buprenorphine drug testing isn’t usually done to detect an addiction but rather it is used by doctors and clinics to make sure that a patient has been properly taking their medication. However, abuse can occur if excessive doses are consumed. BUP screening is done just like any other drug tests; a person urinates into a cup and the sample is then analyzed using metabolite specific testing strips. These strips, or sometimes dyes, detect key metabolites in the person’s urine. Metabolites are the leftovers after a certain drug has been ingested and broken down inside the human body. Each drug creates a unique metabolite allowing technicians and home drug testing kits to easily identify which drugs if any a person has been consuming. Similar to the half life times of other prescription pills, Buprenorphine only remains in the body for a couple of days, so complete drug testing must occur within 72 hours of the last ingestion.

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